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Earlsfield Primary School

Geography and History


Through history, children gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world.

Teaching equips pupils to ask perceptive questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement.

Our topics enable pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time.

We aim to ensure that all pupils:

  • know and understand the history of Britain as a chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day, including how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world
  • know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires and the characteristic features of past non-European societies
  • develop and apply a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’
  • understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, fask relevant questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives
  • understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why

Many different periods of History are explored across Key Stages 1 and 2, from discovering how the dinosaurs lived billions of years ago and learning about the impact of the Roman Army on Britain, through to studying life during World War 2 and finding out how violent the Vikings really were! As part of our enquiry approach we use a range of resources and techniques such as artefacts, photographs, websites, video clips, first-hand accounts and source work, to explore specific periods of History.


The teaching of geography inspires pupils to have a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people.

Teaching equips pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.

We aim to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places
  • gain knowledge of people and places in order to understand how they are shaped by physical, social and environmental factors
  • are competent in collecting, analysing and communicating a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
  • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.

In Key Stage 1 the children focus on our local area, investigating how it has changed over time and comparing it to a locality in the countryside. In Key Stage 2 the children build on this knowledge when considering what makes a good community and then extend their enquiry skills to look at global issues such as deforestation and fair trade as well as contrasting localities worldwide. More focused study of specific environmental features such as rivers and mountains are integrated within our cross-curricular topic work.